Potion of confusion

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! Pink potion.png
Name confusion
Appearance random
Base price 100 zm
Weight 20
Monster use May be used offensively by monsters.

A potion of confusion is a type of potion that appears in NetHack.


Intelligent monsters can generate with the potion as an offensive item.[1]

Mixing a potion of booze with a potion of enlightenment via dipping will alchemize a potion of confusion.


Quaffing the potion will, unsurprisingly, leave you confused for several turns. The duration of the confusion depends on the beatitude of the potion:[2]

  • blessed: 8–14 turns
  • uncursed: 16–22 turns
  • cursed: 24–30 turns

Dipping a unicorn horn into a potion of confusion will turn the potion into an uncursed potion of water. Dipping the potion into a potion of gain energy or potion of gain level will alchemize the potion into either a potion of booze or a potion of enlightenment.

Monsters will throw this potion at you, with similar effects if you are hit; inhaling the potion's vapors confuses you for 1 to 5 turns.[3] Monsters that are hit with a potion are confused, subject to their monster magic resistance.[4]


While the potion can be occasionally useful for reading scrolls while confused, there are many other sources of confusion that weigh less. As such, this potion tends to be thrown at monsters, or more frequently polypiled or made into water.


The potion of confusion first appears in Hack 1.21 and Hack for PDP-11, which is based on Jay Fenlason's Hack, and is included in the initial item list for Hack 1.0.


Huh, What? Where am I?
You quaffed a potion of confusion.
What a trippy feeling!
As above while hallucinating.
You feel somewhat dizzy
You were hit by a thrown potion.



In SLASH'EM, the Lawful Quest has a 25 chance of generating a cursed potion of confusion among the items found in the Chamber of Junk.