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Keyboard commands
~ ! @ # $  % ^ & * ( ) _ = +
Q W E R T Y U I O P { } |
q w e r t y u i o p [ ] \
A S D F G H J K L : "
a s d f g h j k l ; '
Z X C V B N M < > ?
z x c v b n m , . /
q w e r t u i o p Alt
a s d f j l Alt
c v n m ? Alt
A C R T O Alt
a c d o p r t [ Ctrl

There are several commands in NetHack that use Ctrl key. Ctrl key allows sending some non-printable characters to NetHack. The Mac port uses Apple.

Commands that use Ctrl

  • Press Ctrl + t to teleport.
  • Press Ctrl + d to kick something.
  • Press Ctrl + a to redo the previous command.
  • Press Ctrl + p to repeat previous messages.
  • Press Ctrl + c to quit game.
  • Press Ctrl + r to redraw screen.
  • Press Ctrl + x to show your attributes.
  • Press Ctrl + z to suspend NetHack. (tty version only)
  • Pressing Ctrl + [ or Ctrl + @ is equivalent to pressing ESC key (cancels commands).
  • Pressing Ctrl with direction key will move that direction until you are near something.

Wizard mode

Several commands are available only in Wizard mode.


  • Ctrl + m acts in a same way as Ctrl + j
  • Ctrl + s and Ctrl + q are sometimes used to pause and resume terminal output (tty version only). If NetHacks seems to stop responding, try pressing Ctrl + q, especially if you use Screen program.