The salamander is a monster in NetHack. They have a fire attack, two bearhug attacks, and can use weapons. They are one of the few monsters that cannot be genocided. When chatted to, a salamander will mumble incomprehensibly.
Salamander corpses are poisonous, but eating them has more than 1/2 chance of conveying fire resistance.
They are generated with a spear (6⁄7 chance), a trident (2⁄21 chance), or a stiletto (1⁄21 chance).
One cure for sliming is polymorphing into a fiery monster. Among the fiery monsters, salamanders are the only one that has limbs, and one of the few that have eyes.
In EvilHack, salamanders can move through lava and can now attempt to drown players in the lava, similar to pythons and eels in water; this is significantly more dangerous, as a successful attack will usually destroy most if not all of the player's inventory outright, along with possibly killing the player themselves.
For hundreds of years, many people believed that salamanders
were magical. In England in the Middle Ages, people thought
that fire created salamanders. When they set fire to damp
logs, dozens of the slimy creatures scurried out. The word
salamander, in fact, comes from a Greek word meaning "fire
This page is based on a spoiler by J. Ali Harlow, available at http://www.juiblex.co.uk/nethack/VernonSpoilers/MonsterManual/contents.html