Samurai are Japanese warriors who adhere to the discipline of bushido (honor) and fight their enemies using ancient martial arts. Therefore they start out lawful and human, but can be of either gender.
Samurai are the elite warriors of feudal Nippon. They are lightly armored and quick, and wear the dai-sho, two swords of the deadliest keenness.
- 1 Starting inventory
- 2 Intrinsics
- 3 Skills
- 4 Quest
- 5 Rank titles
- 6 Japanese names for items
- 7 Code of Conduct
- 8 Strategy
- 9 Variants
- 10 Gods
- 11 Encyclopedia entry
- 12 References
- a +0 katana (samurai sword)
- a +0 wakizashi (short sword)
- a +0 yumi (bow)
- 26 to 45 ya (bamboo arrows)
- a +0 rustproof splint mail
- a blindfold (20% chance)
Instead of a random pet, a samurai always starts with a little dog called Hachi, in reference to Hachikō.
Hachiko was a famous Japanese dog who faithfully waited for the return of his dead owner for nine years until his own death. Hachi means eight, in reference of its birth order in the litter and ko implies affection.
The Samurai quest item is the Tsurugi of Muramasa, a powerful two-handed tsurugi with the ability to bisect enemies (i. e. kill them outright) 5% of the time, much like the Vorpal Blade. Therefore it is not a good idea to engage your nemesis in honourable melee combat, since he might bisect you; making things worse, he ignores Elbereth. It's better to zap him with a wand of death. If you don't have one, other techniques include zapping him with a wand of sleep or hurling a potion of paralysis at him before attacking so that he can't fight back, protecting yourself with a scroll of earth on the upstair and killing him with ranged attacks, polymorphing into a black dragon and disintegrating him, and so forth. If you have a strong melee attack, you could just wear an amulet of life saving and hope for the best, possibly retreating if you have to burn the amulet; actually, having an amulet of life saving is probably a good idea anyway no matter what strategy you choose, just in case you get unlucky.
The Tsurugi is an excellent weapon in the mid-game (i. e. from the Quest to Gehennom), but becomes weaker in the end-game because it doesn't deal double damage like some other artifact weapons. (Frost Brand, Fire Brand, Grayswandir and the Staff of Aesculapius.) Once you have enough scrolls to enchant your primary weapon up to +7, you'll want to make the Tsurugi your back up. But until then, happy bisecting!
The quest is notable for producing a lot of loot, especially attack wands, which your opponents will use against you. Reflection, or at least resistance to sleep, fire, and cold, are highly desirable.
The status line shows you to be one of the following ranks when you reach the specified experience level:
- XL 1-2: Hatamoto
- XL 3-5: Ronin
- XL 6-9: Ninja/Kunoichi
- XL 10-13: Joshu
- XL 14-17: Ryoshu
- XL 18-21: Kokushu
- XL 22-25: Daimyo
- XL 26-29: Kuge
- XL 30: Shogun
Japanese names for items
Since the samurai are Japanese, some of the game items use Japanese names in place of their regular English names when playing as a Samurai. The following is a list of those items with their Japanese names:
|potion of booze||potion of sake|
There are also some regular items that are uniquely Japanese. Once identified, these are described using their Japanese name, regardless of which role you are playing. These items are the following:
- ya ("bamboo arrow")
- yumi ("long bow")
- katana ("samurai sword")
- tsurugi ("long samurai sword")
- shuriken ("throwing star")
Additionally some pieces of dialog are also changed. On losing a level or dying, you receive the message "Sayonara", instead of the usual "Goodbye"; when starting or loading a game, it greets you with "Konichi wa"; and friendly shopkeepers and priests greet you with "Irasshaimase".
[dNethack] Expanded list of Japanese item names
dNethack expands the list of items with Japanese names. This list is presented alphabetized by Japanese name for easy lookup.
|dai tsuchi||war hammer|
|dwarvish zaghnal||dwarvish mattock|
|kote of fumbling||gauntlets of fumbling|
|kote of power||gauntlets of power|
|silver kunai||silver dagger|
|jade o-yoroi||crystal plate mail|
|silver yari||silver spear|
|potion of sake||potion of booze|
|tanko||bronze plate mail|
Additional Japanese item names
|bokken (previously jo)||club (actually means "wooden sword)|
|jo (reassigned from club)||baseball bat (actually means "short staff)|
|mizugumo||water walking boots|
Code of Conduct
The bushido code requires that samurai behave honorably. Dishonorable acts will incur an alignment penalty and display a guilt message. Examples include:
- Digging up a grave: -1 "You disturb the honorable dead!"
- Attacking a peaceful or tame creature: -1 "You dishonorably attack the innocent!"
- Attacking with a poisoned weapon: -1 "You dishonorably use a poisoned weapon!"
A Samurai with a non-Lawful alignment (probably from wearing a Helm of opposite alignment) will still receive the message, but will not suffer the alignment penalty.
The samurai strategy is very simple. If it moves, stab it, and if it's sessile, stab it anyway. The samurai are also good ranged warriors, receiving a bonus to hit and damage when shooting ya from a yumi. Samurai aren't good at spell casting. However, the katana and splint mail they start with make the first few levels a breeze.
As far as weapons go, the samurai should not bother with any sword other than a long sword. The katana they start with is the finest one-handed non-artifact weapon in the game. Since the samurai can reach expert level in two-weapon combat they are better off swinging two long swords/katana than one of any larger non-artifact weapon. However, in the early game it is important to build up skill in individual weapons, which cannot be done while using two weapons.
Of course, the samurai becomes even more powerful with an artifact weapon. Early options include Snickersnee, a buffed-up katana that you can get by sacrificing to your God, or Excalibur, an artifact weapon that has a 1/6 chance of being created if you dip a long sword into a fountain. Do this after you have attained experience level 5, but preferably 7. Note that you must use an actual long sword to accomplish this, do not dip your starting katana into a fountain to try to accomplish this. Once you have a decent artifact weapon and expert skill in long sword, slide your original katana over to the secondary hand in two-weapon combat, and it will continue to add its damage to your attacks.
Don't use the wakizashi for two-weapon combat because it's a short sword; a type of sword inferior to all other swords in inflicting damage. Find a long sword, which will share the skills you gained with the katana. A crysknife is good, but might not be worth the effort it takes to make one. Advancing multiple other weapon skills beyond basic level should be avoided, due to the finite number of skill slots available to you. If you don't care about riding or spells, however, it is not an issue. Save slots for two-weaponing, longsword, possibly saber, and bow or shuriken.
The yumi is a good long distance ranged weapon, especially since it can shoot 2 ya in a single turn. It will aid you in situations where melee combat may prove fatal -- fighting floating eyes and cockatrices for example. However, veteran players recommend that the bow skill should only be advanced to skilled level, not expert level. This is so you can save expert level slots for later.
Alternately, you may wish to forego advancing bow skill entirely in favor of shuriken. With maxed strength and enchantment, shuriken and ya deal roughly comparable damage (since ya do not benefit from your strength bonus). Ya are slightly more effective when poisoned and/or benefiting from bonus damage, thanks to the Samurai's +1 multishot bonus when using them. Shuriken, on the other hand, do not require a wielded launcher (potentially saving valuable turns), and are generally more plentiful thanks to the Quest.
In the long term, the most damaging artifact weapon for the Samurai is the Frost Brand. The most damaging all-purpose melee attack in the game comes from a samurai double wielding a +7 Frost Brand and a +7 katana. This assumes 18/** STR and expert level in both two-weapon combat and long sword. Next comes the Fire Brand, then Grayswandir, and then the Tsurugi of Muramasa.
If you have some wishes to burn, consider the Sceptre of Might, the Magic Mirror of Merlin or the Orb of Detection for magic resistance. In the non-artifact category, gray or silver dragon scale mail is a must-have, as is a good pair of fireproof speed boots.
Strategy in SLASH'EM
Samurai can be played more or less the same way in SLASH'EM as in Vanilla. Just be a little more wary of enemies' stronger attack power, using your ya and scribbling the E word whenever enemies are near.
- Their "kiii" technique gives a temporary boost to your attack power. Due to the Samurai's strong attack power you may never use it, but it can be useful if you're facing somewhat powerful enemies and want to take them out quickly.
- SLASH'EM allows you to #twoweapon two artifacts at the same time. Considering that Samurai can easily get both Excalibur and Snickersnee - two of the most powerful weapons in the game - and are able to advance both longsword and #twoweapon to expert, this is a huge advantage.
- Since a Samurai wielding both Excalibur and Snickersnee will do large amounts of damage even with zero enchantment, enchanting your weapons is a low priority. If you find any scrolls of enchant weapon, consider blessing it and enchanting your unicorn horn - enchanting unicorn horns increases their chances of working in SLASH'EM.
- Once you have at least a submachine gun and a bunch of bullets, don't bother any more with the yumi. Firearms are superior to bows and arrows. Later, replace your submachine gun with an assault rifle. The assault rifle will be very good for the special cases where melee is a bad idea.
- Save up gold for shops, or get good at stealing: along with rogues and barbarians, samurai are massively overcharged in shops, paying twice as much. This is mainly relevant when you find a magic lamp in a shop, which in SLASH'EM has a base price of 1000zm.
- A good ascension kit for a Samurai is:
- +7 Excalibur two-weaponed with +7 Snickersnee or other powerful artifact weapon
- an amulet of life saving or amulet of flying
- +5 silver dragon scale mail
- +7 cloak of magic resistance (enchant an elven cloak to +7 and upgrade it)
- +5 gauntlets of power or gauntlets of dexterity
- +5 fireproof speed boots for the extra attacks, jumping boots for the extra movement, water walking boots to be safe from create pool, or +7 elven boots for the extra AC and stealth
- +5 shirt
- greased +5 helm of telepathy or +7 elven leather helm
- A +7 assault rifle and bullets
- All the other standard ascension kit items that all roles need (bag, rings, potions, wands, tools, etc.)
In SLASHTHEM, the samurai is quite similar to the slashem samurai with some differences.
He can be of any alignment. As a first sacrifice gift he gets Kiku-ichimonji, a better katana than Snickersnee, that is not a samurai affiliated sword any more. If lawful, Excalibur is a good and easy to get primary weapon for the drain resistance.
The quest is basically the same. The most notable difference is that the second level is filled with sea monsters, a lot of them capable of stealing. Be prepared with telepathy and plenty of ranged attacks.
Some monsters have a passive disintegration attack, that can disintegrate your swords. So watch out for them.
The assault rifle is a very good ranged weapon. Especially with the higher weight cap, you can carry around thousands of bullets with out been burdened. A good ranged weapon is more important here, because of all the nasty attacks some monsters can posses.
Magic is once more, more accesible, because dragon scales don't block magic any more.
Samurai now get an artifact yumi as a crowning gift, Yoichi no yumi. It grants +1d20 to hit, 2x damage to fired ya, and can be #invoked to create ya.
In addition, the guaranteed first sacrifice gift for a samurai is now Kiku-ichimonji. It's a lawful samurai-favoring katana that grants +1d4 to hit and 1d12 to damage.
Snickersnee is relegated to a nameable artifact, which can be named at xplvl 18 by tourists and 30 by samurai. It's now an intelligent knife, and has +1d3 to hit and +1d6 to damage, and a chance of beheading targets.
Lastly, the The Kusanagi no Tsurugi  can be named at level 18, but only used as a weapon at 30. It's an intelligent long sword with +1d20 to hit and +1d12 to damage. In addition, it may behead targets and will instantly kill elementals. It grants energy regeneration while wielded, and searching and luck while carried.
By that time, Narahara had already slipped his arm from the
sleeve of his outer robe, drew out his two-and-a-half-foot
Fujiwara Tadahiro sword, and, brandishing it over his head,
began barreling toward the foreigners. In less than a minute,
he had charged upon them and cut one of them through the torso.
The man fled, clutching his bulging guts, finally to fall from
his horse at the foot of a pine tree about a thousand yards
away. Kaeda Takeji finished him off. The other two Englishmen
were severely wounded as they tried to flee. Only the woman
managed to escape virtually unscathed.