|Damage vs. small||1d8|
|Damage vs. large||1d12|
|Weapon skill||long sword|
|Base price||15 zm|
A long sword is one of the more popular weapons, for its damage and versatility. A plain (unenchanted, unblessed, non-artifact) long sword does d8/d12 damage against small/large monsters. Being made of iron, it can rust and corrode. A lawful character who is level 5 or higher can get Excalibur by repeatedly #dipping one into a fountain.
A significant fraction (7/24 = 29.2%) of artifact weapons are long swords, the highest of any item type. Therefore, for roles that are unrestricted in long swords and find one early in the game (or start with one, as is the case with Knights and Valkyries), it is a good idea to keep it and practice with it to prepare for an artifact weapon. Lawful and neutral characters can become unrestricted in long sword by being crowned, even if they don't receive Excalibur or Vorpal Blade as a crowning gift, and any character can become unrestricted in long sword when receiving an artifact long sword as a sacrifice gift.
Long sword skill
Both long swords and katanas use the long sword skill.
The following artifact weapons use the long sword skill:
- Demonbane (Lawful)
- Excalibur (Lawful)
- Fire Brand (Unaligned)
- Frost Brand (Unaligned)
- Giantslayer (Neutral)
- Snickersnee (Lawful katana)
- Sunsword (Lawful)
- Vorpal Blade (Neutral)
- Barrow wights, Nazgul, and all humanoid angelic beings are generated with long swords. Angels' long swords are blessed, erodeproof, and enchanted, and have a chance (depending on the type of angel) of being Demonbane or Sunsword, if either weapon has not yet been generated.
- Lieutenants and captains in the Yendorian army, as well as watch captains, have a 50% chance of getting a long sword as their primary weapon.
- Other strong monsters may be generated wielding a long sword if they have not received a default weapon.
To increase the likelihood that player monsters generated on the Astral Plane will get an artifact weapon, all player monsters except the weaponless monks have a chance of receiving a long sword as their primary weapon. The probability ranges from 87.5% for knights to 6.25% for barbarians, cavepeople, and healers. Long swords generated on player monsters on the Astral Plane have a 50% chance of being one of the artifact swords listed above, unless there are no artifact long swords left to be created.
Player monsters generated elsewhere (for example, on quests) with their inventory (therefore excluding player monsters revived from corpses or statues or reverse-genocided) have the same chances of starting with a long sword, but a lower probability of the sword being an artifact.
- src/makemon.c in NetHack 3.6.0, line 425
- src/makemon.c in NetHack 3.6.0, line 279
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- src/u_init.c in NetHack 3.6.0, line 73
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- u_init.c in SLASH'EM 0.0.7E7F2, line 229